Day 1 :
- Psychotherapy and its Advances
After completing Master’s in Psychology, she has done MPhil in Clinical Psychology From Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, and another M Phil in Student Counseling from Madras University, she then completed PhD in Psychology from Dept of Psychology, Madras University. She has Passed UGC test for Lecturership held in December 1996 and June 1998
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is evidence based practice used by mental health professionals across the world to help individuals suffering from depression, anxiety psychosis, relationship issues as well as physical health issues. Several randomised controlled studies have supportive evidence to indicate the efficiency of this model. The Model looks at understanding thoughts, emotions and behaviors and to modify irrational thoughts, unhelpful behaviors and regulating emotions. It is a structured problem solving method. Objective collaborative effort is important in the therapeutic relationship.
- Mental Health
Saint Petersburg University of State Fire Service of Emercom of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Galina Moskalenko has her interest in the problem of psychological immunity because it is a term of everyday life of common people who don’t have any extreme experience. Psychological immunity is poorly researched in Russian psychology in spite of its relevance and importance in understanding the mechanism of coping with daily stresses
Statement of the Problem: Psychological immunity is cognitive-behavioral neoformation that develops in ontogenesis and provides a sense of psychological well-being and a condition of psychological safety.
The main element of the structure of psychological immunity is the boundaries of the psychological space of the individual. The width and flexibility of borders determines not only the characteristics of the psychological space, but also the characteristics of psychological immunity.
The main personal property in the structure of psychological immunity is awareness, which allows you to track, i.e. to monitor the current state of the person and, if necessary, through disgust and anxiety, launch the corresponding patterns of behavior. Meaningfulness is the second important component in the structure of psychological immunity, which determines the intensity and direction of a person's response. The higher the levels of awareness and meaningfulness, the faster and more consistent the situation is the response to the. If psychological immunity successfully copes with its tasks, then there is no need for it to turn to psychological defenses or coping behavior.
The duration of the effectiveness of psychological immunity is determined by the characteristics of the psychological stability (third important element) of a person, which contributes to a proportionate and adequate response in stressful and frustrating situations.
Absolutely no matter, positive or negative events occurred on a person’s life path: both provoke the occurrence of responses in proportion to the impact. So, extreme forms of reaction to a negative impact will be patterns of behavior caused by dysphoria: addictive behavior, delinquent behavior, suicidal behavior, and euphoria (risky behavior) on a positive one. To prevent such destructive forms of behavior, psychological immunity reduces the intensity of response to impacts, including it in a person’s life experience, so with age and experience in experiencing various situations, the brightness of the experience of events decreases.
- Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Growth retardation is a prominent feature in adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN). Low final adult height in AN usually represents the result of severe malnutrition. Still there is limited literature about the factors affecting final adult height.
We present the findings of three studies carried out by our group assessing growth retardation in adolescents hospitalized because of AN: two retrospective studies in males (n=11) and females (n=211), and one prospective study in females (n=255). Height standard deviation scores (height-SDSs) on admission, discharge and final adult height were significantly lower than the expected height-SDS, mid-parental height-SDS, and premorbid height-SDS in both male and female adolescent AN patients. Premorbid height-SDS was within normal ranges.
Patients in all studies showed significant increase in weight during and after inpatient treatment. However, whereas the male patients showed significant acceleration in linear growth during inpatient treatment, no such improvement was found in females.
Older age and younger bone age on admission, and linear growth and increase in luteinizing hormone during hospitalization predicted improvement in height SDS in the prospective design. Last, AN patients with greater weekly weight gain (>500 grams) during inpatient treatment were higher at one-year follow-up than AN patients with less weekly weight gain (<500 grams).
The findings of these studies emphasize that growth retardation is a prominent feature in adolescents hospitalized because of AN, and that complete catch-up growth usually does not occur. The presence of compromised height already at first hospitalization suggests that delayed diagnosis and treatment in adolescent AN may increase the likelihood of compromised final adult height
Early research on child sexual abuse (CSA) attempted to assess its possible effects (Merrill et al., 2001; Horesh et al, 2003). Researchers found that victims of CSA are prone to a host of emotional disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, dissociative disorders, anxiety disorders and suicidality (Whiffen & MacIntosh, 2005). Nevertheless, some studies revealed that, despite early adversity, certain individuals are free of symptoms later in life (Jonzon & Lindblad, 2006; Rind & Tromovitch, 1997). Thus, subsequent researchers endeavored to identify the variables moderating the relationship between CSA and negative outcomes. In an attempt to formulate an integrative explanation of the association between CSA and outcomes, the most recent studies have constructed and examined models based on preceding generations of research (Merrill et al., 2001).
The aim of this comprehensive study is to construct a model addressing the relation between CSA and its psychological outcomes. The study intends to examine a unique population of CSA victims seven times during the two years subsequent to the abuse. To date, only a few prospective studies have monitored the development of victims’ psychological outcomes. Hence, the proposed study will examine the development of PTSD symptoms, depression, dissociation, anxiety and suicidality over a two-year period. The questionnaires along the assessment points will be filled out by research assistants at base line and after six months. The study will address a variety of mediating variables. Our examination will include most factors targeted by previous studies as indicative of the severity of the abusive act: threat or actual use of force, duration and frequency of abuse, offender’s gender, and penetration or invasiveness. This will enable us to comprehensively examine the documented contradiction regarding the impact of abuse severity on psychological outcomes. Factors including the age at the onset of abuse, the gender of the abused child and academic achievements will also be examined. Other variables to be examined include the complex association among self-disclosure as a personality trait, self-esteem, the child’s attachment and coping styles, and the victim's psychological adjustment. The abused child’s domestic environment has been found to have a relevant impact on the psychological outcomes of CSA. The proposed study will examine inter-parental conflicts, cohesion and expressiveness in the child’s home, parental attachment styles and parental psychopathology.
To the best of our knowledge, no investigation of this nature has yet been performed. Hence, the proposed study may make a major contribution to research in the field of the psychological outcomes of CSA. In addition, a combined examination of abuse characteristics, child characteristics, domestic environment and therapeutic history will facilitate enhanced understanding of the interactions among CSA, mediating factors and psychological outcomes
Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst, Psychosomatician France
After a diploma in psychiatry and a psychoanalysis, Michelle Morin practiced as a psychotherapist in a psychosomatic center, then in private as a psychosomatician. She presented seventeen communications in congresses between 2003 and 2016. Michelle Morin-Bompart published a paper in RPPG Revue de Psychothérapie psychanalytique de Groupe (2017). Don Juan, his imitators, victims, accusers, and his creators and a book in 2017 Creation in art and literature. In 2018 she published also in the American Journal of Psychology, Love and art creation: Rodin and Camille Claudel and in 2019 Anaïs Nin, an incest between a father and a daughter in the American Journal of Psychiatry and Neurosciences.
A true story inspired the novel of Mishima. In 1950, the marvelous Golden Pavilion in Kyoto was destroyed by an incendiary fire. The fire-lighter was Hayashi Shoken, a novice bonze of twenty-one years old, student in Chinese literature.
Very few psychiatrists in France have been interested in criminal fires: Henri Marc in 1833, Henri Ey, then swiss psychiatrists in 2015 and DSM IV. The only psychiatric and psychoanalytic reference in France is Claude Balier.
For me literature creations like dreams are a royal path towards unconscious. I want to show where the author Hiroaka Kimitake (author’s name Mishima Yukio) takes the material of his novel The Golden Pavilion and also an autobiographic one Confession of a Mask (external reality, personal material and imagination).
Mishima is a wonderful writer, very poetic, very well known in Japan and all over the world. I want to understand the man behind the writer. Mishima’s homosexuality is well known, I should say his bisexuality because he married a woman and had a child. His death by hara-kiri and seppuku was a shock for the Japanese. In his works you can find a lot of pervert and fetichist tendencies. He was brought up by an incestuous paternal grandmother.
- Suicidology and Suicide Prevention
Anand is having an expertise in evaluation and managing mental illnesses with passion in improving the health and wellbeing. The present study highlights importance in risk identification in deliberate self harm and suicidal attempts which and early management. Methodology used is explorative and could improve in expanded studies
Statement of Problem: Literature distinguishing deliberate self harm and attempted suicide and factors influencing recovery phase needs further research. Identification of factors for recovery in these groups and its relation to suicidal ideation is the aim of the present study. Methodology and theoretical orientation: Cross sectional data was collected on Immediate post suicidal (AS) or deliberate self harm (DSH) attempts, medically fit, comprehending and consented patients. Socio demographic profile, DSH or suicide attempt details, past attempts, Beck’s suicidal ideation scale, Columbia suicide severity rating scale (C-SSRS) and Brief reasons for living (BRL) scale was used in statistical analysis for comparison of groups and correlation between Beck’s suicidal ideation scale and Brief reasons for living le scores. Results: In 21 subjects DSH and 16 of SA, poisoning was common mode of attempt 20 (95.2%) and 15 (93.85%) respectively. Significantly higher Beck’s suicide intention scores in AS group mean 29. 56 (severe) than DSH mean 25.52 (moderate).DSH had higher scores on impulsive behaviour 17 (81%) than AS 10 (62.5%) while major depression in AS 9 (56.3%) than DSH 2 (9.5%).Protective factors were identified better in DSH 20 (95.2%) and 11 (68.8%) in AS group.DSH group had better recognition of social network and support,18 (85.7%),thought of suicide as immoral 10 (47.6%), fear of death, dying and pain 5 (23.85) than AS 11 (68.8%), 3 (18.8%) and nil respectively. Significant negative correlations between BSI and BRL-Survival and coping beliefs rho= – 0.30 and responsibility to family rho= -0.55 were seen in AS group and and none in DSH group. Conclusions and significance : High Suicidal intention following DSH or AS while it was severe in AS group.DSH group were more impulsive however able to identify reasons for living better than AS group. Careful assessment and management is of importance immediately following DSH or AS.